Basher, R.E., 1976. The approximation of particulate scattering coefficients
in the determination of total ozone. Q.J. Roy.Met.Soc., 102, 667-673.

Basher, R.E., 1977. The effect of bandwith on filter instrument total ozone
accuracy. J.Appl.Meteorol.16, 803-811.

Basher, R.E., 1978. Total ozone measurement: intercomparison of prototype
New Zealand filter instrument and Dobson spectrophotometer. NASA
Tech.paper 1277, 14p.

Basher, R.E., 1980. Optical stop and focusing effects in Dobson instrument.
J.Phys.E.:Sci.Instr., 13, 925-927.

Basher, R.E., 1981. Sensitivity of Dobson total ozone estimations to
wavelength band calibration uncertainties. Proc.Quad.Int.Ozone
Symp., 1980. Ed. J. London, Boulder Colorado, Vol.1, 33-36.

Basher, R.E., 1982a. Units for column amounts of ozone and other atmospheric
gases. Q.J.Roy.Met.Soc.,108, 460-462.

Basher, R.E., 1982b. Ozone absorption coefficients' role in Dobson
instrument ozone measurement accuracy. Geophys.Res.Lett.,9, 1235-1238.

Basher, R.E. and R.W.L. Thomas, 1979. Atmospheric aerosol effect on Dobson
total ozone measurements: a simple approach. Appl.Opt.,18, 3361-3362.

Basher, R.E. and R.W.L. Thomas, 1981. Aerosol errors in Dobson total ozone
estimations and methods to deal with them.Proc.Quad.Int.Ozone
Symp., 1980, Ed. J. London, Boulder, Colorado, Vol.1, 219-221.

Bass, A.M. and R.J. Paur, 1981. Absorption cross-section of ozone as function
of temperature. Proc.Quad.Int.Ozone Symp., 1980, Ed. J. London, Boulder,
Colorado, Vol.1, 140-145.

Brewer, A.W. and J.B. Kerr, 1973. Total ozone measurements in cloudy
weather. Pageoph., 106-108, 928-937.

Brinkman, R.T., 1968. Rotational Raman scattering in planetary atmospheres.
Astrophys.J.,154, 1087-1093.

Buisson, H. and C. Fabry, 1913. J.Phys.,3, 196.

Chopra, A.N., C.R. Sreedharan and A.K. Gangopadhyaya, 1977. Standardisation
of the Dobson Spectrophotometers in the national network of India.
Proc.Joint Symp.Atmos.Ozone, 1976. Ed. K.H. Grasnick, Berlin, GDR,
Vol.1, 67-88.

Cooper, N.S., 1982. Inferring solar UV variability from the atmospheric
tide. Nature, 296, 131-132.

Craig, R.A., 1965. The upper atmosphere, meteorology and physics.
Int.Geophys.Ser., Academic Press, New York, 509p.

Dave, J.V., C.L. Mateer and J.J. DeLuisi, 1981. An examination of the effect
of haze on the short Umkehr method for deducing the vertical
distribution of ozone. Proc.Quad.Int.Ozone Symp., 1980, Ed. J. London,
Boulder, Colorado, Vol.1, 222-229.

DeLuisi, J.J., 1979. Shortened version of the Umkehr method for observing the
vertical distribution of ozone. Appl.Opt., 18, 3190-3197.

DeLuisi, J.J., 1980. Disparities in the determination of atmospheric ozone
from solar ultraviolet transmission measurements 298.1-319.4nm.
Geophys.Res.Lett., 7, 1102-1104.

DeLuisi, J.J. and C.L. Mateer, 1971. On the application of the optimum
statistical inversion technique to the evaluation of Umkehr
observations. J.Appl.Meteorol., 10, 328-334.

DeMore, W.B. and O. Raper, 1964. Hartley band extinction coefficients of
ozone in the gas phase and in liquid nitrogen carbon monoxide and
argon. J.Phys.Chem., 68, 412-414.

Dobson, G.M.B., 1931. A photoelectric spectrophotometer for measuring the
amount of atmospheric ozone. Proc.Phys.Soc., 43, 324-339.

Dobson, G.M.B., 1957a. Observers' handbook for the ozone spectrophotometer.
Ann.IGY, 5, 46-89, Pergamon.

Dobson, G.M.B., 1957b. Adjustment and calibration of the ozone
spectrophotometer. Ann.IGY, 5, 90-114, Pergamon.

Dobson, G.M.B., 1963. Note on the measurement of ozone in the atmosphere.
Q.J.R.Met.Soc., 89, 409-411.

Dobson, G.M.B., 1968. Forty years' research on atmospheric ozone at Oxford:
A history. Appl.Optics, 7, 387-405.

Dobson, G.M.B. and D. N. Harrison, 1926. Measurements of the amount of ozone
in the Earth's atmosphere and its relation to other geophysical
conditions. Proc.R.Soc.Lond., A110, 660-693.

Dobson, G.M.B., A.W. Brewer and B.M. Cwilong, 1946. Meteorology of the lower
stratosphere. Proc.Roy.Soc, A185, 158-166.

Dobson, G.M.B. and C.W.B. Normand, 1962. Determination of constants etc.,
used in the calculation of the amount of ozone from spectrophotometer
measurements and an analysis of the results. Ann.IGY, 16, 161-191,

Dziewulska-Losiowa, A. and C. D. Walshaw, 1975. The international
comparison of ozone spectrophotometers at Belsk, 24 June - 6 July 1974.
Publ.Inst.Geophys.Pol.Acad.Sci., 89, 3-59.

Dziewulska-Losiowa, A. and C. D. Walshaw, 1977. The international
comparison of ozone spectrophotometers at Belsk, 24 June - 6 July 1974. Part II.
Publ.Inst.Geophys.Pol.Acad.Sci., 109, 41-45.

Dziewulska-Losiowa, A., 1978. Total ozone observations with Dobson
spectrophotometer using polaroid film. Publ.Inst.Geophys.Pol.Acad.Sci.,
D-7, 49-64.

Else, C.V., D.B.B. Powell and E.L. Simmons, 1969. An improved solid state
amplifier for the Dobson ozone spectrophotometer. Ann.Geophys., 25,

EMI 1970. Photomultiplier Tubes. EMI Electronics Ltd, Hayes, Middlesex, 64p.

Evans, W.F.J., I.A. Asbridge, J.B. Kerr, C.L. Mateer and P.A. Olafson, 1981.
The effects of SO2 on Dobson and Brewer total ozone measurements.
Proc.Quad.Int.Ozone Symp., 1980, Ed. J. London, Boulder, Colorado,
Vol.1, 48-56.

Flowers, E.C., R.A. McCormick and K.R. Kurfis, 1969. Atmospheric turbidity
over the United States, 1961-1966. J.Appl.Meteorol., 8, 955-962.

Fröhlich, C., 1982. Observations of the solar constant and its variations.
Symp. on the Solar Constant and the Spectral Distribution of Solar
Irradiance, 1981. Eds. J. London and C. Fröhlich, IAMAP, Boulder,
Colorado, 48.

Fröhlich, C. and G. E. Shaw, 1980. New determination of Rayleigh scattering
in the terrestrial atmosphere. Appl.Opt., 19, 1773-1775.

Fröhlich, C. and C. Wehrli, 1982. Short term variations of the solar
spectrum. Symp. on the Solar Constant and the Spectral Distribution of
Solar Irradiance, 1981. Eds. J. London and C. Fröhlich, IAMAP, Boulder,
Colorado, 87-94.

Funk, J.P., 1959. New absolute wedge-calibration method for the Dobson ozone
spectrophotometer. J.Sci.Instr., 36, 378.

Furukawa, P.M., P.L. Haagenson and M.J. Sharberg, 1967. A composite,
high-resolution solar spectrum from 2080 to 3600Å. NCAR Tech.Note
TN26, 55p.

Gardiner, B.G., 1978. Generalized treatment of particulate scattering in
Dobson ozone spectrophotometer calculations. Q.J.Roy.Met.Soc., 104,

Geraci, M.J. and J. K. Luers, 1978. An evaluation of electrochemical
concentration cell (ECC) sonde measurements of atmospheric ozone. NASA
Contractor Report 2973.

Griggs, M., 1968. Absorption coefficients of ozone in the ultraviolet and
visible regions. J.Chem.Phys., 49, 857-859.

Hamilton, R.A., 1964. Determination of ozone amounts by the Dobson
spectrophotometer using the focused sun method. Q.J.Poy.Met.Soc., 90,

Hearn, A.G., 1961. The absorption of ozone in the ultra-violet and visible
regions of the spectrum. Proc.Phys.Soc., 78, 932-940.

Heath, D.F., 1980. A review of observational evidence for short and long term
ultraviolet flux variability of the sun. Paper given at Int.Conf. on
Sun and Climate, Toulouse, Oct., 1980. (Author at NASA Goddard Space Flight

Heath, D.F. and M.P. Thekaekara, 1977. The solar spectrum between 1200 and
3000Å. In: The Solar Output and its Variation, Ed. O.R. White,
Colorado Assoc.Univ.Press, Boulder, Colorado, 193-212.

Houghton, J.T. and C.D. Walshaw, 1977. "Gordon Miller Bourne Dobson
1889-1976" Biograph. Mem.F.Roy. Soc., 23, 40-57.

Hoyt, D.V., 1977. A redetermination of the Rayleigh optical depth and its
application to selected solar radiation problems. J.Appl.Meteorol., 16,

Hudson, R.D., 1971. Critical review of ultraviolet photoabsorption
cross-sections for molecules of astrophysical and aeronomic interest.
Rev.Geophys. Space Phys., 9, 305-406.

Hudson, R.D., 1974. Absorption cross-sections of stratospheric molecules.
Can.J.Chem., 52, 1465-1478.

Inn, E.C.Y. and Y. Tanaka, 1953. Absorption coefficient of ozone in the
ultraviolet and visible regions. J. Opt.Soc.Amer., 43, 870-873. (Also
see "Ozone chemistry and technology", Chem.Ser., 21,
Amer.Chem.Soc., Washington D.C., 1959, p263.)

Kasten, F., 1966. A new table and approximation formula for the relative
optical air mass. Arch.f. Met.Geophys.Bioklimat., Ser.B. Bd.14.Heft.2.,

Kattawar, G.W., A.T. Young and T.J. Humphreys, 1980. The filling-in of solar
Fraunhofer lines by Raman and Rayleigh - Brillouin scattering.
Proc.Int.Radiation Symp., 1980, Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins,
Colorado, 150-152.

Kerr, J.B., 1973. Spectrographic measurement of atmospheric ozone. PhD
thesis, University of Toronto.

Kerr, J.B., C.L. Mateer, C.T. McElroy and D.I. Wardle, 1977. Intercomparison
of the Dobson and grating ozone spectrophotometers. Proc.Joint
Symp.Atmos.Ozone, 1976, Ed. K.H. Grasnick, Berlin, GDR, Vol.1, 109-120.

Kerr, J.B., C.T. McElroy and R.A. Olafson, 1981. Measurements of ozone with
the Brewer ozone spectrophotometer. Proc.Quad.Int.Ozone Symp., 1980, Ed.
J. London, Boulder, Colorado, Vol.1, 74-79.

Khrgian, A. Kh., 1975. The physics of atmospheric ozone. (Translation of
Fizika atmosfernogo ozona. Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1973, by Israel
Prog. Sci. Transl.) TT74-50027, Nat. Tech. Inf. Service, U.S. Dept.
Commerce, 262p.

Klenk, K.F., 1980. Absorption coefficients of ozone for the backscatter UV
experiment. Appl.Opt., 19, 236-242.

Komhyr, W.D., 1960. Measurements of atmospheric ozone at Moosonee Canada
- July 1 1957 to July 31 1960. Can. Meteorol. Memoirs, No. 6, Dept.
Transport, Toronto (see also extracts in Appendix A of present review).

Komhyr, W.D., 1962. Observers' manual, Dobson ozone spectrometer
(comprehensive program of observations). 2nd Ed. U.S.
Department of Commerce - Weather Bureau. 160p.

Komhyr, W.D. 1980a. Dobson spectrophotometer systematic total ozone
measurement error. Geophys. Res. Lett., 7, 161-163.

Komhyr, W.D. 1980b. Operations handbook - ozone observations with a Dobson
spectrophotometer. WMO Global Ozone Research and Monitoring Project.
Rep.6, World Meteorological Organisation, 125p.

Komhyr, W.D. and R.D. Grass, 1972. Dobson ozone spectrophotometer
modifications. J.Appl.Meteorol., 11, 858-863.

Komhyr, W.D. and R.D. Evans, 1980. Dobson spectrophotometer total ozone
measurement errors caused by interfering absorbing species such as
SO2, NO2 and photochemically produced O3 in polluted air.
Geophys.Res.Lett., 7, 157-160.

Komhyr, W.D., R.D. Grass and R.K. Leonard, 1981a. WMO 1977 international
comparison of Dobson ozone spectrophotometer. Proc. Quad. Int. Ozone Symp.,
1980, Ed. J. London, Boulder, Colorado, Vol.1, 25-32.

Komhyr, W.D., R.D. Grass, E.G. Dutton, R.K. Leonard and R.D. Evans, 1981b.
Trend determinations from provisional and corrected 1963-1979 Bismark
total ozone data. Proc.Quad.Int.Ozone Symp., 1989, Ed. J. London,
Boulder, Colorado, Vol.1, 371-377.

Krueger, A.J., 1969. Atmospheric absorption anomalies in the ultraviolet near
an altitude of 50 kilometers. Science, 166, 998-1000.

Kulkarni, R.N., 1968. Day and night measurements of ozone in the Southern
Hemisphere. Q.J.Roy.Met.Soc., 94, 266-278.

Kulkarni, R.N., 1973. Ozone trend and haze scattering. Q.J.Roy.Met.Soc., 99,

Livingston, W.C., 1978. Cooling of the sun's photosphere coincident with
increased sunspot activity. Nature, 272, 340-341.

McPeters, R.D. and A.M. Bass, 1982. Anomalous atmospheric spectral features
between 300 and 310 nm interpreted in the light of new ozone absorption
coefficient measurements. Geophys. Res.Lett., 9, 227-230.

Mateer, C.L., 1981. A review of some unresolved problems in the
measurement/estimation of total ozone and the vertical ozone profile.
Proc. Quad.Int.Ozone Symp., 1980, Ed. J. London, Boulder, Colorado,
Vol.1, 1-8.

Mateer, C.L., I.A. Asbridge and R.A. Olafson, 1977. Comparison of Dobson
spectrophotometer observations of polarized skylight with theoretical
calculations. Proc.Joint Symp.Atmos.Ozone, 1976, Ed. K.H. Grasnick,
Berlin, GDR, Vol.1, 89-99.

Mateer, C.L. and I.A. Asbridge, 1981. On the appropriate haze correction for
direct sun total ozone measurements with the Dobson spectrophotometer.
Proc. Quad.Int.Ozone Symp., 1980, Ed. J. London, Boulder, Colorado,
Vol.1, 236-242.

Mateer, C.L. and J.J. DeLuisi, 1981. The estimation of the vertical
distribution of ozone by the short Umkehr method. Proc. Quad.Int.Ozone
Symp., 1980, Ed. J. London, Boulder, Colorado, Vol.1, 64-73.

Michiej, J. and Sztanga, 1981. Modification of the electronic system of the
spectrophotometer No.84. Proc. Quad.Int.Ozone Symp., 1980, Ed.J.
London, Boulder, Vol.1, 243-249.

Moe, O.K. and E.F. Milone, 1978. Limb darkening 1945-3245Å for the quiet
sun from skylab data. Astrophys. J., 226, 301-314.

Molina, M.J., 1980. Laboratory measurements of absorption cross-sections.
Proc. NATO Adv. Study Inst. on Atmos.Ozone, 1979, Rep. No.FAA-EE-80-20,
U.S. Federal Aviation Administration, 589-597.

NASA, 1979. The stratosphere: present and future. NASA Reference Publication
1049, Eds. R. D. Hudson and E.I. Reed, 432p.

Nicolet, M., 1980. Solar UV radiation and its absorption in the mesosphere
and stratosphere. Pageoph., 118, 3-19.

Normand, C.W.B. and R.H. Kay, 1952. Notes on the design, adjustment and
calibration of spectrophotometers. J.Sci.Instr., 29, 33-39.

Ny, T.-Z. and S.-P. Choong, 1933. Chinese J. Phys., 1, 38.

Olafson, R.A., 1969. Mercury rectifier for the Dobson spectrophotometer.
Symp. sur l'ozone atmospherique, 1968, Monaco, Ed. A. Vassy, Paris,
CNRS, p63.

Olafson, R.A. and I.A. Asbridge, 1981a. Stray light in the Dobson
spectrophotometer and its effect on ozone measurements. Proc. Quad. Int.
Ozone Symp., 1980, Ed. J. London, Boulder, Colorado, Vol.1, 46-47.

Olafson, R.A. and I.A. Asbridge, 1981b. Mercury lamp wavelength standards
that are sometimes wrong. Proc.Quad.Int. Ozone Symp., 1980, Ed. J.
London, Boulder, Colorado, Vol.1, 269-270.

Olafson, R.A., I.A. Asbridge and H.W. Gee, 1981. A prismatic two lamp
calibrator for the Dobson spectrophotometer. Proc. Quad. Int. Ozone Symp.,
1980, Ed. J. London, Boulder, Colorado, Vol.1, 265-268.

Penndorf, R., 1957. Tables of refractive index for standard air and the
Rayleigh scattering coefficient for the spectral region between 0.2 and
20.0 micrometers and their application to atmospheric optics. J. Opt.
Soc., 47, 176-182.

Perner, D. and U. Platt, 1980. Absorption of light in the atmosphere by
collision pairs of oxygen (O2)2. Geophys. Res. Lett., 7, 1053-1056.

Peterson, J.T., ed., 1978. Geophysical Monitoring for Climatic Change,
No. 7, Summary Report, 1977. U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration, Boulder, Colorado, 145 p.

Powell, D.B.B., 1971. The absorption coefficients of ozone for the Dobson
spectrophotometer: a direct determination of their ratios and
temperature dependence. Q.J.Roy.Met.Soc., 97, 83-86.

Raeber, J.A., 1973. An automated Dobson spectrophotometer. Pageoph., 106-108,

Ramanathan, K.R. and R.V. Karandikar, 1949. Effect of dust and haze on
measurements of atmospheric ozone made with Dobson spectrophotometer.
Q.J.Roy.Met.Soc., 75, 257-267.

Rat'kov, V.M., 1971. The effect of aerosol attenuation on spectrophotometric
determination of ozone. Izv., Atmos.Oceanic Phys., 7, 878-884.

RCA, 1970. Photomultiplier manual. Item PT-61. Tech.Ser., RCA Corporation,
Harrison, New Jersey, 192p.

Reinsel, G.C., 1981. Analysis of total ozone data for the detection of recent
trends and the effects of nuclear testing during the 1960's. Geophys.
Res.Lett., 8. 1227-1230.

Rindert, S.B., 1971. Testing and calibrating the Dobson ozone spectrophoto-
meter No. 30. Report No. 23, Department of Meteorology, University of
Uppsala, 36 p.

Shah, G.M., 1968. Determination of absorption coefficients of ozone from
atmospheric ozone observations with Dobson spectrophotometer.
J.Atmos.Terr.Phys., 30, 1447-1453.

Shah, G.M., 1979. Approximation for coefficients of large particle scattering
in the determination of total ozone. J.Appl. Meteorol., 18, 1158-1164.

Shaw, G.E., 1979. Atmospheric ozone: determination by Chappuis-band
absorption. J.Appl.Meteorol., 18, 1335-1339.

Sigurdsson, H., 1982. Volcanic pollution and climate: the 1783 Laki eruption.
EOS., Trans.Amer.Geophys.Union, 63(32), 601-602.

Simon, P.C., 1978. Irradiation solar flux measurements between 120 and
400nm. Current position and future needs. Planet.Space.Sci., 26,

Simon, P.C., R. Pastiels, D. Nevejans and D. Gillotay, 1982. Balloon
observations of solar ultraviolet irradiance during solar cycle 21.
Symp. on the Solar Const. and the Spectral Distribution of Solar
Irradiance,1981, Eds. J. London and C. Fröhlich, IAMAP, Boulder,
Colorado, 95-102.

Simons, J.W., R.J. Paur, H.A. Webster and E.J. Bair, 1973. Ozone photolysis.
VI. The ultraviolet spectrum. J.Chem.Phys., 59, 1203-1208.

Sinha, S.S. and S.K. Sanyal, 1965. A simple device for the calibration of the
optical wedge of the Dobson's ozone spectrophotometer. Indian J.
Meteorol. and Geophys., 16, 117-122.

Svensson, B., 1958. Observations on the amount of ozone by Dobson
spectrophotometer during the solar eclipse of June 30, 1954.
Arkiv.f.Geofysik, Bd 2, nr28, 573-594.

Thomas, R.W.L. and A.C. Holland, 1977. Ozone estimates derived from Dobson
direct sun measurements: effect of atmospheric temperature variations
and scattering. Appl. Optics, 16, 613-618.

Thomas, R.W.L. and R.E. Basher, 1981. Errors in Dobson total ozone
measurements arising from aerosol attenuation. Proc. Quad. Int. Ozone Symp,
1980, Ed. J. London, Boulder, Colorado, Vol.1, 37.

Thompson, B.A., P. Harteck and R.R. Reeves, 1963. Ultraviolet absorption
coefficients of CO2, CO, O2, H2O, N2O, NH3, NO, SO2 and
CH4 between 1850 and 4000Å. J.Geophys.Res., 68, 6431-6436.

Toon, O.B. and J.B. Pollack, 1976. A global average model of atmospheric
aerosols for radiative transfer calculations. J.Appl. Meteoro1., 15,

Vanier, J. and D.I. Wardle, 1969. The effects of spectrol resolution on total
ozone measurements. Q.J.Roy.Met.Soc., 95, 395-399.

Vigroux, E., 1953. Contribution a l'étude éxperimentale de l'absorption de
l'ozone. Ann. Phys, 8, 709-762.

Vigroux, E., 1967. Détermination des coefficients moyens d'absorption de
l'ozone en vue des observations concernant l'ozone atmosphérique a
l'aide du spectromètre Dobson. Ann.Phys., 2, 209-215.

Walshaw, C.D., (Ed) 1975. Papers of Professor G.M.B. Dobson FRS.
Publs.Inst.Geophys.Pol.Acad.Sci. 89, 61-115.

Walshaw C.D., G.M.B. Dobson and B.M.F. McGarry, 1971. Absorption coefficients
of ozone for use in the determination of atmospheric ozone.
Q.J.Roy.Met.Soc., 97, 75-82.

Westbury, P.R., A.J. Thomas and E.L. Simmons, 1981. An ergonomic design of
electronics for the Dobson spectrophotometer. Proc.Quad.Int.Ozone
Symp., 1980, Ed. J. London, Boulder, Colorado, Vol.1, 271-275.

White, O.R., Ed., 1977. The solar output and its variation. Colorado Assoc.
Univ.Press, Boulder Colorado, 526pp.

WMO, 1981. The stratosphere 1981, theory and measurements. WMO Global Ozone
Research and Monitoring Project, Rep. 11, World Meteorological
Organisation. 503p.

WMO, 1982. Report on the meeting of experts on sources of error in detection
of ozone trends. WMO Global Ozone Research and Monitoring Project, Rep.
12, World Meteorological Organisation, 48p.

Young, A.T., 1980. Revised depolarization corrections for atmospheric
extinction. Appl. Opt., 19, 3427-3428.

Young, A.T., 1981. Rayleigh scattering. Appl.Opt., 20, 533-535.

Return to Table of Contents

Forward to Appendix A